Public university in Melbourne, nước Australia

La Trobe University is a public research university based in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Its main campus is located in the Melbourne suburb of Bundoora. The university was established in 1964, becoming the third university in the state of Victoria and the twelfth university in Australia. La Trobe is one of the Australian verdant universities and also part of the Innovative Research Universities group.

La Trobe’s original and principal campus is located in the Melbourne metropolitan area, within the northern Melbourne suburb of Bundoora. It is the largest metropolitan campus in the country, occupying over 267 hectares (660 acres).[8] It has two other major campuses located in the regional Victorian city of Bendigo and the twin border cities of Albury-Wodonga. There are two smaller regional campuses in Mildura and Shepparton and a city campus in Melbourne’s CBD on Collins Street and in Sydney on Elizabeth Street.

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La Trobe offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses across its two colleges of Arts, Social Science and Commerce ( ASSC ) and Science, Health and Engineering ( SHE ) .In năm ngoái, it was ranked in the top 100 universities under 50 by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. [ 9 ] In the 2021 QS World University Rankings, it was ranked in the top 300 universities for arts and humanities .

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History[edit]

The university was established in 1964 following the assent of the La Trobe University Act by Victorian Parliament on 9 December 1964. The passing of the Act of Victorian Parliament to establish La Trobe University followed earlier University Acts to establish the University of Melbourne (1853) and Monash University (1958).[10]: 3  The Minister of Education at the time and the appointed planning council were “unanimous in their enthusiasm that the new institution should be innovative in its approach”,[11] and the university adopted an academic structure based on schools of studies (rather than on faculties) and a collegiate format, where a large number of students lived on campus. At this time, Flinders University and Macquarie University were also establishing a schools-based system.

Many prominent Victorians were involved in La Trobe’s establishment process, and there was a strong belief that it was important to increase research and learning in Victoria. One of the major individuals involved was Davis McCaughey, who later became Governor of Victoria. The university was named after Charles Joseph La Trobe, the first Governor of Victoria, and the university motto, ‘ whoever seeks shall find ‘, is adapted from Charles La Trobe’s family motto. [ 10 ] : 3 The La Trobe University Coat of Arms incorporates the scallop shells from the La Trobe family bearings, the Australian wedge-tailed eagle to represent nước Australia, and sprigs of heath to represent Victoria. [ 12 ]

Origins[edit]

The origins of La Trobe can be traced back to the post-World War II era where there emerged a global recognition of the need to increase facilities for higher education. [ Note 5 ] In 1957 Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies established a special committee to report on the future of Australian universities, inviting Sir Keith Murray, Chairman of the University Grants Committee of Great Britain, to chair it. The Murray Committee, in a far-reaching report submitted in September 1957, recommend a major expansion of university facilities in nước Australia and changes in administration and financing. [ 13 ] : 21As a direct consequence of the key recommendations of the Murray report, the federal government established the Australian Universities Commission ( AUC ) in 1959, appointing Sir Leslie Martin as its chair. [ 13 ] : 21 Menzies appointed Martin to chair a special committee in 1961 to report to the AUC on the rapidly increasing demands for higher education in nước Australia. [ 13 ] : 21 In August 1963 it released its second report, which recognised the urgency of Victoria’s situation ” … the resources of Melbourne and Monash Universities are not likely to meet the long-term demands for university education beyond 1966. The Commission therefore is willing to tư vấn in the 1964 – 1966 triennium the extension of university facilities in the Melbourne metropolitan area. ” [ 13 ] : 21 – 22 Following the recommendations the federal government passed the Universities Assistance Bill in October 1963, providing a grant for a ” third ” university for recurrent expenditure in 1965 of $ 106,000 and $ 210,000 in 1966. The first capital grant was for 1966 and amounted to USD 1,000,000. Thes e grants were to be matched by equivalent state grants. [ 13 ] : 21 – 22

Establishment[edit]

Third University Committee[edit]

In April 1964, Sir Archibald Glenn was invited by the Victorian premier, Sir Henry Bolte, to chair a ” Third University Committee “. [ 13 ] : 23 In addition to Glen, 13 other members were announced on 21 May 1964. The committee, therefore, consisted of : [ 14 ] The terms of reference of the committee were to advise the government on all matters concerning the establishment of a third Victorian university. This consisted of ” the selection of the site, the preparation of a detailed development program, planning and calling tenders for buildings, the formulating of an administrative structure, the appointment of an Academic Planning Board and the recruitment of key staff. ” It was planned that La Trobe would enrol students, if possible, in March 1967. [ 13 ] : 23

Selecting the site[edit]

The first meeting of the committee occurred on 2 June 1964 in the rooms of the Historical Society of Victoria on Victoria Street. From there, they acted promptly in seeking out a suitable metropolitan location, inspecting 27 sites from a list of 57 possibilities. [ Note 6 ]The main constraints facing all options were area – ” adequate for a full and balanced university ” ; cost – preferably Crown owned land, as private land would require large compensation payments ; and locality – somewhere reasonably close to the demographic centre of Melbourne ( calculated to be in the Camberwell area ) and to public transport. [ 10 ] : 5A subcommittee, headed by Phillip Law, quickly recognised that ” somewhere on the eastern side of Melbourne stands out as the right location “, however, Monash was already growing in the southeastern suburbs so an alternative area was sought. [ 10 ] : 5 An early list of possibilities read :

Outer – Bundoora, Lilydale.
Inner – Burnley Horticultural College, Wattle Park, Caulfield Racecourse, Kew Mental Asylum[10]: 6 

Selection of an inner site was unlikely, as they were mostly ” either inadequate or unattainable, especially the racecourse “, however, the Kew site was a real possibility. [ 10 ] : 6The ” ultimate choice ” was unanimously agreed upon by the end of July, resulting in the farm attached to the Mont Park Asylum. Cunningham Dax, head of the Mental Health Authority, was ” most co-operative “, although he raised concerns that the loss of the farm would be serious for the hospital. An alternative site for the farm was procured a little further out on Plenty Road, resolving the issue. [ 13 ] : 23

Naming the university[edit]

While it was an interesting interpretation of a ” local name “, La Trobe, proposed by Fitzpatrick, [ 15 ] was agreed unanimously upon by the planning committee after some alternatives, such as Deakin, were ” thoughtfully put aside “. [ Note 7 ] Victorian State Parliamentarians, however, were far from unanimous when they came to debate the La Trobe University Bill. [ Note 8 ]Sir Archibald Glenn, chairman of the committee, provided a concise summary as to why La Trobe was chosen :” Lieutenant-Governor Charles Joseph La Trobe has great historic significance for Victoria and his name is recognised internationally. La Trobe was not a university man … [ Note 9 ] but he appears to have had almost every quality, one would desire in one. He had a lively interest in every aspect of life of the community, the will to work for the good of other men, and a sense of responsibility towards prosperity. ‘ [ 13 ] : 24The Victorian Minister for Education, Sir John Bloomfield, upon presenting the enabling bill to the Victorian parliament, reflected on the influence of Charles La Trobe in the foundation of the University of Melbourne over a 100 years before, concluding ” my most satisfying reflection at this moment is that my father’s father sought for gold in our hills, and he knew this city in the days of the man whom, at the behest of others, I am now trying to acknowledge. If Providence and this Parliament will it, my son’s son may be taught in his aura and tradition. ” [ 17 ] : 39 – 40Although La Trobe, like his father, used ” La Trobe ” and ” Latrobe ” interchangeably, [ 18 ] the committee selected the spelling that was predominantly used by his side of the family. [ 18 ]

Interim council[edit]

Following the passing of the La Trobe University Act, the interim council was established in December 1964. Aside from Sir Michael Chamberlin and Kathleen Fitzpatrick, who indicated they were unavailable, all members of the Third University Committee were appointed to the interim council, with Sir Archibald Glenn remaining as chairman.[14] Additional members of the interim council were:

Sir Thomas Cherry died late in 1966, prior to the final meeting of the Interim Council. [ 14 ] All other members automatically became members of council upon its establishment with the first meeting held on 19 December 1966. It was this meeting that Sir Archibald was elected as chancellor of the university. [ 14 ]

La Trobe eras[edit]

The concept of the “La Trobe eras” was first coined by William Breen and John Salmond in the university’s 25th anniversary history, Building La Trobe University: Reflections on the first 25 years 1964–1989. It is used to refer to La Trobe in periods of 25 years, following the year of establishment in 1964 rather than the year of opening in 1967.[Note 12] As of 2015, La Trobe is currently in its third era.

First era : 1964 – 1989[edit]

Martin Building in autumn .La Trobe University was officially opened by the Victorian premier, Sir Henry Bolte, on 8 March 1967 at a ceremony that was attended by a number of dignitaries including former Prime Minister of nước Australia, Robert Menzies. [ 20 ] : 31 Teaching commenced at the Bundoora campus in the first semester of that year, with some 500 students. [ 10 ] : 3 La Trobe was seen to be unique amongst Australian universities due to its school-based and collegiate structure. At the time, ” this novel approach became commonly known in the university as ‘ The La Trobe Concept ‘ “. [ 21 ] Within four years, however, this format had all but broken down, with the collegiate ideal reduced to halls of residence and the schools becoming departmentalised. [ 11 ]

Up until the late 1980s, La Trobe focused almost exclusively on the liberal arts and science.[citation needed] In 1987 the Lincoln Institute of Health Sciences merged with the university. The Lincoln Institute had begun as Lincoln House, after the building was bought by the government in 1966, with its formal constitution being established in December 1972. Lincoln House comprised professional training schools for occupational therapy, physiotherapy and speech therapy, all of which were affiliated with the Victoria Institute of Colleges.[22] Lincoln Institute thus became the university’s Faculty of Health Sciences, offering several professional health science programs.

Second era : 1990 – năm trước[edit]

The university established other professional schools, including its law school in 1992, which was previously a legal studies department which was established in 1972. In 2008, Victoria’s second dentistry school was established at La Trobe. However, despite being a leading Australian university in professional health and biomedical sciences, La Trobe does not have a medical school. When planned and developed in the 1960 s, there was strong expectation that La Trobe would eventually establish a medical school and a teaching hospital. [ 23 ]

The Bendigo campus of La Trobe dates back to 1873: the Bendigo College of Advanced Education amalgamated with La Trobe University in 1991, completing a process that began in the late 1980s as part of the Dawkins reforms to higher education. During the merger process, a controversial issue erupted when the university’s head office in Bundoora raised concerns about the academic standards at Bendigo CAE. This led to a public outcry in which Bendigo CAE students threatened the Bendigo Advertiser over publishing the matter in its newspapers. Several newspapers were burned in the protest.

The inclusion of the Wodonga Institute of Tertiary Education took place in the same year. The university has continued to expand, with the opening of the Research and Development Park at Bundoora and the upcoming opening of a second Melbourne CBD site .

Funding and cutbacks[edit]

Higher education reforms by the Howard government allowed Australian universities to increase fees and take in a greater number of full-fee paying students. Despite a large student backlash, La Trobe took advantage of the reforms, increasing fees by 25 % in 2005. [ 24 ] Around the same time, the university suffered cutbacks in government funding, [ 25 ] a problem experienced across most of the Australian higher education sector .La Trobe has lost funding disproportionately across its departments. For instance, the History Department at the university was once by far the largest of any institution in nước Australia ; however, funding restrictions have led to a significant reduction in its size. Similarly, in 1999, the Music Department was closed due to funding cuts ; in 2004 the Geology Department was excised even though it had the highest graduate satisfaction rating in the country. The university’s African Research Institute, the only major African studies centre in Australasia, was closed at the end of 2006. [ 26 ] In 2008, the university cut the Philosophy and Religious Studies Program at the Bendigo campus, the change resulted in the stream only being taught as a minor .In 2008, La Trobe was operating with a $ 1.46 million surplus but has highlighted that by 2010 it will ” review, and where appropriate, restructure all academic, administrative and committee structures ” [ 27 ] to khuyến mãi with diminished student intakes, falling entrance marks, below-par scores on student satisfaction surveys and a decreasing proportion of national research funding. [ 25 ] [ 28 ] In an attempt to address these issues, the university is making cut backs and restructuring several courses under the direction of the Vice-Chancellor, John Dewar. [ 25 ] [ 28 ] As of 2013, the university is operating on a 28 million dollar surplus. [ 29 ]

Third era : 2015 – present[edit]

In năm ngoái, La Trobe University committed to fully divest from fossil fuels, after a chiến dịch by students and faculty. [ 30 ] The university later committed in 2019 to become fully carbon neutral in its own operations by 2029. [ 31 ]

COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

In 2020, La Trobe University had its operations substantially impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In March, part of the Bundoora campus had to be closed for a deep clean after a student tested positive for the disease. [ 32 ] The university remained open for a time, until the health advice from the Department of Health and Human Services indicated the university should close – although a limited number of courses eventually continued in a face-to-face teaching mode. Classes not ran face-to-face were continued trực tuyến. [ 33 ]This, combined with a reduction in international student enrolments, purportedly weakened the university’s financial position [ 34 ] – although the extent to which this occurred is debated. Reports circulated that La Trobe University risked exhausting its cash reserves unless a giảm giá was with reached with financial institutions or the federal government [ 35 ] but the university has stated that it was not at risk of insolvency. [ 36 ] A range of measures were proposed or taken to improve the university’s finances including voluntary redundancies, [ 36 ] and staff pay cuts. [ 37 ] La Trobe had applied for access to the Australian government wage subsidy program, JobKeeper, but it was deemed ineligible. [ 38 ]Other steps taken by the university in response to the pandemic include : opening up new pathways for student enrolment that do not require an ATAR, [ 39 ] removing failing grades from student transcripts [ 40 ] and offering new short courses. [ 41 ]

Campuses[edit]

Melbourne ( Bundoora )[edit]

Moat and George Singer Building, La Trobe University Bundoora Campus Health Sciences Building Student hubThe Melbourne campus at Bundoora is the foundation campus of La Trobe and was officially opened in 1967 when La Trobe began operations. The campus is the main base of all La Trobe’s main courses except education, pharmacy, and dentistry, all of which are based at Bendigo. Bundoora is the largest university campus in the Southern Hemisphere, encompassing 235 hectares, including the adjacent Nangak Tamboree Wildlife Sanctuary. [ 42 ]Bundoora has around 22,000 students on campus and therefore has many facilities such as restaurants, bars, shops, banks and an art gallery. The main library on the campus, the Borchardt, has well over one million volumes .The original main campus buildings were designed by Melbourne architecture firm, Yuncken Freeman [ 43 ] in a utilitarian, Post-War International style. Thes e buildings are connected by a series of raised walkways. La Trobe University has three on-campus residential colleges : Menzies, Glenn and Chisholm. Thes e are complimented by the newer North and South Apartments, the self-contained Barnes Way and Waterdale Apartments and the University Lodge, which primarily serves postgraduate students .Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, La Trobe University had developed plans to transform the Bundoora campus into a ‘ City of the Future ‘, closely co-locating commercial, cultural and research facilities onto the site. [ 44 ]

On-campus Facilities[edit]

The Bundoora campus is home to the La Trobe University Medical Centre and La Trobe Private Hospital .Bundoora also has sporting and recreation facilities such as an indoor pool, gyms, playing fields, and indoor stadiums. A-League franchise Melbourne City have constructed a USD 15 million training facility on the campus grounds. [ 45 ] Prior to the construction of its new training facilities, the Essendon Football Club had trained at La Trobe University during the summer. [ 46 ] Additionally the Sport Program exists to assist student athletes .The university is also home to the Centre for Dialogue, an interdisciplinary research institution which delves into certain intercultural and inter-religious conflicts, both in the domestic setting and in international relations. In March 2009, the centre attracted controversy in hosting a lecture given by former Iranian President, Mohammad Khatami ( 1997 – 2005 ). [ 47 ] Khatami emphasised the importance of dialogue between civilizations, especially in relation to quelling misunderstandings between the Islamic world and the West. [ 48 ] The Centre for Dialogue has also won acclaim for its leadership programme for young Muslims, implemented predominantly in Melbourne’s northern suburbs. [ 49 ]

Research and Development Park[edit]

The R&D Park opened in 1993, adjacent to the Melbourne ( Bundoora ) campus. Tenants include a branch of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, the Victorian State Forensic Centre, a Rio Tinto Group research centre, Victorian Environment Protection Authority ( EPA ), the Co-operative Research Centre for Vaccine Technology, CAVAL, AgriBio and the Technical Enterprise Centre ( a business incubator for new ventures in information technology, biotechnology and the life sciences ) .

Melbourne ( CBD )[edit]

La Trobe has a city campus in Melbourne’s central business district, on Collins Street. The campus delivers postgraduate courses for both domestic and international students .

Bouverie Centre[edit]

The Bouverie Centre ( first known as the Collins Street Clinic ) was established as a clinical mental health service for children and adolescents. In 1956, the centre was renamed the Bouverie Clinic following its relocation from Collins Street, in the CBD of Melbourne to Bouverie Street, Carlton. The Bouverie Centre made the transition from a child psychiatric clinic to the first family therapy centre in nước Australia in the mid 1970 s. In 2007 the Bouverie Centre moved into a USD 5 million, state government funded, purpose built building at 8 Gardiner Street, Brunswick .La Trobe University took over the management of the Bouverie Centre from the Mental Health Branch of the Victorian Department of Human Services, and added to Bouverie’s name the subtitle Victoria’s Family Institute. In the decades that followed, the range of clinical academic courses offered by Bouverie expanded and to date, the Centre delivers a number of Graduate Certificate programs, including the Graduate Certificate in Narrative Therapy ; a program specifically tailored for professionals working with people impacted by Acquired Brain Injury seeking to enhance their skill and confidence in working with families, and the nationally recognised Graduate Certificate in Family Therapy for Aboriginal and / or Torres Strait Islander Workers. The centre’s Master’s level program and higher degree research program are a regular feature on the academic calendar .The Bouverie Centre has over 40 staff, with clinical staff typically working across a number of different service areas. [ 50 ]

Regional và Interstate Campuses[edit]

The Visual Arts Building at the Bendigo Campus

Bendigo[edit]

La Trobe Bendigo was established in 1991, initially as the La Trobe University College of Northern Victoria ( 1991 – 1994 ). [ 51 ] Between 1994 and 2005, La Trobe Bendigo’s curriculum was operated by a multidisciplinary Faculty of Regional Development and was separate from that of Melbourne. Campuses could choose to offer individual courses from both Bundoora and Bendigo. This situation ceased in 2005 after the Bendigo campus was more tightly integrated into the Melbourne campus structure. [ 52 ] La Trobe Bendigo succeeded 118 years of tertiary education in the regional centre, which began with the Bendigo School of Mines in 1873 .The Bendigo campus is situated on 33 hectares of land, consisting of four sites — Edwards Road, Osbourne Street, the Visual Art Centre and the La Trobe Rural Health School. [ 53 ]The main site of the Bendigo campus, near Edwards Road, was established in 1967 under the Bendigo Institute of Technology ( 1967 – 1976 ). [ 52 ] It is positioned three kilometres away from the centre of Bendigo and is the home of La Trobe’s School of Education and the Heyward Library .The Osbourne Street site was established in 1959 under the Bendigo Teacher’s College ( 1926 – 73 ). It is now predominantly used for examination facilities and is home to the La Trobe University Bendigo Athletics Track. Some of the facilities used in the 2004 Commonwealth Youth Games were located at La Trobe University Bendigo. There is also the associated Central Victorian Innovation Park, located on university land, which opened in December 2003 .Together these two sites near Edwards Road and Osbourne Street form the Flora Hill campus precinct. [ 54 ] They were acquired by La Trobe University in 1991 after an amalgamation with the Bendigo College of Advanced Education ( 1976 – 1991 ) .The La Trobe Rural Health School has facilities within the Flora Hill precinct, and a clinical teaching building near Bendigo Health .
La Trobe University’s Albury-Wodonga Campus is located three kilometres from the centre of Wodonga on a 26 hectare site. South of the Murray River, the campus is located in Victoria, but within 10 kilometres of the NSW town of Albury and within 20 kilometers of Charles Stuart University’s NSW-based Albury-Wodonga campus .La Trobe University’s presence in Albury-Wodonga began in 1991, within the facilities of the Wodonga Institute of TAFE. The Albury-Wodonga campus continues to share various resources with Wodonga TAFE, including the David Mann Library. This campus houses the faculties of education, health sciences, biology, business as well as the John Richards Centre for Rural Ageing Research and the Centre for Freshwater Ecosystems .In 2020, the university announced plans to shift almost half of the courses offered at the campus trực tuyến, while guaranteeing the campus would remain open. [ 55 ]

Mildura[edit]

Mildura offices

The Mildura Campus was established in 1996, co-located with the main campus of the Sunraysia Institute of TAFE. These institutions and other tertiary education and research institutions on the site share various resources. A second Mildura City campus opened in 2006 in the old Mildura Cultivator offices, next to “Gallery 25”, an art gallery which La Trobe became involved with a few years earlier.

Shepparton[edit]

The Shepparton campus was established in 1994. A new two-storey campus building at 210 Fryers Street, opposite the Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE was opened in late 2010.[citation needed] Originally the revamped campus building was meant to open in early 2008, but funding delays pushed the project back.[56]

Sydney[edit]

Located at 255 Elizabeth Street, near Hyde Park, the Sydney campus is centrally located and offers courses in business, accounting and informational technologies, as well as some bridging and enabling courses .

Partnerships and the e-campus[edit]

In 2007, the university announced plans to open ” learning nodes ” co-located with the Wangaratta and Seymour campuses of Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE, [ 57 ] and at the Swan Hill campus of Sunraysia Institute of TAFE. [ 58 ]La Trobe University also offers an ” trực tuyến ” campus, where students can access and participate in classes trực tuyến through the university’s learning management system .

Former campuses[edit]

The Hotel and Conference Centre at Beechworth closed on 23 May 2011. This decision followed stakeholder consultation and feedback about the proposed closure from local businesses and the community. The Beechworth site was once home to the Beechworth Lunatic Asylum, founded in 1867 and later renamed ” Mayday Hills Hospital “. The hospital ceased operation in 1995. [ 59 ]

Heraldry and brandmark[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

According to Glenn : ” The Coat of Arms was approved and the Chancellor was asked to write formally to the College of Arms requesting the Grant-of-Arms. ” [ 13 ] : 28The Coat of Arms were granted by the College of Arms in 1966 with the blazon described as :

“Argent a chaplet of Common Heath proper tied with a Riband Azure and encircling in chief an open Book proper bound and over all on a Fess Gules three Escallops Argent And for the Crest On a Wreath Argent and Gules Perched on a Parchment Scroll an Australian wedgetailed eagle wings inverted proper supporting with the dexter claw an Escallop Argent”.[60]

Crest[edit]

On the crest sits an Australian wedge-tailed eagle, perched on a parchment scroll and clasping an escallop shell. The wedge-tailed eagle (aquila audax), being such a well-known Australian bird that is found across the continent, was selected to symbolise La Trobe as an Australian university.

Motto[edit]

The motto qui cherche trouve (“whoever seeks shall find”) is taken from the amorial bearings of the La Trobe family – qui la cèrca la tròba (Occitan for “who seeks shall find”). In Occitan, la tròba means “he finds it”, and in regards to the La Trobe family there is debate over what was the object of the search.[61] Such uncertainty is also expressed in the university’s adaption, as John S. Gregory, an emeritus professor of La Trobe, phrased it: “what one actually finds is rarely exactly what one seeks or hopes for”.[10]: 17 

Escutcheon[edit]

Upon the escutcheon (shield), there are three main features: the common heath, the escallop shells and the book. The heath refers to the common heath (Epacris impressa), the pink form, or pink heath form of which is the floral emblem of the State of Victoria. In a sense, this floral symbol also reflects the university’s attempts to cater to all Victorians. The blue ribbon serves a decorative purpose in tying both sprigs of heath together to form a chaplet. The three escallop shells upon a fess were taken from the armorial bearings of the La Trobe family and signify the La Trobe name.

Brandmark[edit]

[62]Initial brandmark of La Trobe University .The university has traditionally incorporated parts of its coat of arms into its brandmark. The first brandmark was heavily based on its armorial bearings, following the common university practice of using only the escutcheon and the motto. It is acceptable for a university to use the shield of Arms by itself, or with a motto. A university can choose how and where to display the different elements of its Arms .

Organisation and administration[edit]

Organisation[edit]

The university has two colleges, made up of several schools, offering courses at all levels : [ 63 ]

  • College of Arts, Social Sciences and Commerce:
    • School of Business
    • School of Education
    • School of Humanities and Social Sciences
    • School of Law
  • College of Science, Health and Engineering:
    • School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport
    • School of Applied Systems Biology
    • School of Cancer Medicine
    • School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences
    • School of Life Sciences
    • School of Molecular Sciences
    • School of Nursing and Midwifery
    • School of Psychology and Public Health
    • School of Rural Health

Central administration[edit]

The principal governing body toàn thân of the university is the University Council. The council is composed of the chancellor, the Vice-Chancellor, the Chair of the Academic Board, three persons elected by and from the staff of the university, two persons elected by and from the enrolled students of the university, six persons appointed by the Governor in Council, one person appointed by the Minister administering the Act and six other persons appointed by the council .The current Chancellor and Chair of the University Council is John Brumby, since 29 March 2019 .The Vice-Chancellor is the chief executive officer of the university ( Section 26 of the act ) and is responsible to the council for the discharge of his or her powers, functions and duties. Professor John Dewar, former Provost of the University of Melbourne assumed the role Vice-Chancellor of La Trobe University in January 2012. Dewar is an internationally known family law specialist and researcher .

Finances[edit]

As of 2010, La Trobe was running a budget surplus of $28.5 million. In this year the university took in $618.1 million in income which came from a variety of sources. The university had expenditures of $516.9 million. As of 2010, the university had assets worth $1.22 billion and an endowment of $267 million.[29][needs update]

Rankings[edit]

La Trobe University is ranked in the world’s top 400 universities by all three major independent ranking agencies .The university recorded a strong result in the respected Academic Ranking of World Universities ( ARWU ) [ 72 ] – La Trobe University is now ranked at 307 in the world .The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021 [ 73 ] placed La Trobe at 201 – 250 th and ranked it 52 nd globally in the 2019 Golden Age Rankings Rankings [ 74 ]The 2021 QS World University Rankings [ 75 ] ranked La Trobe University 400 th in the world. Thes e rankings placed La Trobe in the top 2 per cent of universities globally .According to the QS Subject Rankings for 2020 La Trobe is ranked in the top 50 universities worldwide for sports-related subjects. [ 76 ]National Taiwan University’s Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities [ 77 ] evaluates research universities ‘ achievements in scientific research by comparing the performance of scientific papers in each university for quality and quantity. In 2020 La Trobe was 467 th globally and 156 th in the field of Social Sciences .La Trobe ranks well for employability, as demonstrated in the 2020 QS Graduate Employability Rankings [ 78 ] in which the university ranks 16 th in nước Australia and fifth in Victoria ( and in the top 500 universities globally ). For graduate employment rate – the number of graduates in full or part-time employment within 12 months of graduation – La Trobe ranks ninth in Australia and 129 th in the world .La Trobe secured its position among the world’s elite institutions, featuring 38 th in the world in sports-related subjects, and in the top 100 global universities for nursing and archaeology ( QS World University Rankings by Subject ). [ 79 ]The 2018 Excellence in Research for nước Australia ( ERA ) report found that La Trobe’s research was rated ‘ At world standard ‘, ‘ Above world standard ‘ or ‘ Well above world standard ‘ across all broad and detailed disciplinary areas. [ 80 ]La Trobe also features a strong Master of Business Administration ( MBA ) program which was ranked 32 nd globally by QS Distance Online MBA Rankings for 2019. [ 81 ]

Research[edit]

La Trobe University is a thành viên of the Innovative Research Universities, an Australian group that collectively receives over USD 340 million in research grants .La Trobe University has been confirmed as one of Australia’s leading research universities, climbing to third in Victoria, based on the Excellence in Research Australia ( ERA ) 2012 report. [ 82 ] La Trobe is the top ranked institution in the nation for research in microbiology and equal top with just one other university in biochemistry and cell biology and in veterinary sciences. Historical studies and archaeology were also both assessed at the top ranking. [ 82 ]The ERA 2012 report shows La Trobe University has made very significant improvements over the past two years, with the number of fields of research in specific disciplines rated at world standard or above ( ERA 3 – 5 ) rising by 31 per cent, from 29 to 38 in 2012. The increase in the publications rated at ‘ well above ‘ world standard has increased from about 400 to about 1800, which is more than 300 %. [ 83 ]The results are in line with the research investment strategy in research physical infrastructure such as the LIMS and AgriBio projects, and will inform further development of research concentration. This will be important to ensure further improvement in research quality and output in the university in line with the strategic plan. [ 84 ]In August 2019, the university announced the ” Shah Rukh Khan La Trobe University PhD Scholarship, ” which would provide an opportunity for a female researcher from India to contribute to her field via a four-year PhD degree in one of the following fields : health, sport, information technology, cyber security or engineering. [ 85 ] Khan’s Meer Foundation, which supports and empowers Women, is in recognition of the scholarship, which will provide an estimated $ 200,000 ( AUD ) worth of tư vấn to the student for a four-year research stay at La Trobe’s Melbourne campus. [ 85 ]

La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science[edit]

Molecular inspired windows at LIMSThe La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science ( LIMS ) is an interdisciplinary research institute based at the university. It contains research groups in life sciences ( biochemistry and genetics ), physical sciences ( chemistry and physics ), and applied sciences ( pharmacy ) and teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in these areas through the School of Molecular Sciences. [ 86 ] It also contains two biotech companies : Hexima [ 87 ] and AdAlta. [ 88 ] The institute is housed in three buildings : LIMS1 and LIMS2 in the centre of the university’s main campus in Bundoora and the applied science building at the Bendigo campus .

AgriBio[edit]

Agribio building Agribio AtriumIn 2004 the Victorian Government identified a need to collocate its primary industries department’s plant and animal science research capabilities with other research entities. [ 89 ] It committed funds for this purpose in 2005 and committed to a joint venture with La Trobe University to construct a bioscience research centre at its Bundoora campus. A key objective of AgriBio is to facilitate science collaboration between the university and the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning ( previously DEPI ). [ 84 ]The La Trobe AgriBio building, on the south eastern side of the university, has grown into a structure of around 31,000 square metres and over three levels with a number of external buildings under construction such as a large glasshouse and poly-house complex. Construction commenced in May 2009 and was completed in August 2012. [ 90 ]

Australian Archaeomagnetism Laboratory[edit]

In 2011 the university, in conjunction with the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences built the Australian Archaeomagnetism Laboratory ( TAAL ), [ 91 ] based within the Department of Archaeology, Environment and Community Planning. The main aim and focus of research in the laboratory is promoting the use of magnetic methods of analysis ( palaeomagnetism, rock magnetism, archaeomagnetic dating and magnetostratigraphy ) for understanding the age, palaeoenvironmental / climate context and site formation history of archaeological and fossil sites. The laboratory also undertakes other research with the Department of Physics, including comparative work at the Australian Synchrotron .

In 2011 the laboratory was involved in dating the age of the new South African hominin species Australopithecus sediba, which was published in the journal “Science”.[92]

Art collections[edit]

History[edit]

David Myers Building

La Trobe began collecting artworks in the early 1960s before beginning construction on the main campus at Bundoora.[93] Master architect of La Trobe Roy Simpson initiated the commissioning of paintings to establish the art collection, and large sculptures were included in the original design.[citation needed] The collection was established at the Melbourne (Bundoora) campus in 1967, and from the late 1970s, various exhibition spaces came and went.[94] In 2010 the Melbourne collection consisted of more than 3000 post-war contemporary Australian artworks valued at $17 million; the second largest university art collection in Victoria in terms of collection value.[93]

The La Trobe University Museum of Art (LUMA), which was located at Glenn College, Melbourne campus, from 1990 to 2016, managed the University Art Collection. It hosted exhibitions, managed the sculpture park (which includes a controversial upside-down statue of Governor La Trobe by sculptor Charles Robb[95]) was managed by LUMA.[94], and collaborated with significant state, national and international projects.[94]

The Visual Arts Centre (VAC) opened in 2005 at 121 View Street, Bendigo. It held public lectures, hosted artist residencies and exhibited cutting-edge work in the visual arts.[94] The Phyllis Palmer Gallery was also situated at Bendigo.[95]

La Trobe Institute[edit]

As of 2021, the university’s collection is managed by the La Trobe Institute (LAI), which was established in 2013 to build upon and rationalise the existing university framework of art collections and activities. In 2016 LAI assumed responsibility for LUMA and VAC, which were fully integrated into the LAI structure in 2017. It is based at the old VAC location, but is also active on all of the university campuses, participating in various collaborative projects[94]

The LAI acquires the winning work in the Australian Muslim Artists Art Prize each year, [ 96 ] since the university entered into an educational partnership with the Islamic Museum of nước Australia, which included sponsoring the prize as well as the possibility of providing training in Islamic cultures for teachers, adding a new component to journalism courses and ” work-integrated learning opportunities “. [ 97 ]

Student life[edit]

Student Union[edit]

The former La Trobe University Students ‘ Union was responsible for the Eagle Bar, Contact Student Services but its role has been considerably diminished as a consequence of Voluntary Student Unionism. There used to be three main student representative bodies on campus known as the La Trobe University Student Guild, the Student’s Representative Council and the La Trobe Postgraduate Student’s Association. The La Trobe University Student Representative Council, became the principal representative body toàn thân on campus and a student advocacy group as well as student representatives for welfare, disability, women, queer, indigenous, environment, education and welfare and the Guild managed student services. In 2011 however, the Student’s Representative Council, the La Trobe Postgraduate Students Association, the Students Guild and the university merged the three separate organisations into one body toàn thân : the La Trobe Student Union .

The largest faculty-based student representative organisation on campus is the Law Students Association (LSA). Postgraduate students are represented in the new union. The students at the Bendigo campus are represented by the Bendigo Student Association (BSA), a much less activist and political organisation than the student union. The BSA publishes the 3rd Degree magazine.

Rabelais

[edit]

Rabelais Student Media was a student newspaper at La Trobe University, named after French Renaissance writer François Rabelais. From its founding in 1967, Rabelais Student Media has been run as a department of the La Trobe University Student Representative Council (subsequently by the former La Trobe Student Union). The paper was funded by a combination of advertising revenue and a student levy. Editors were elected annually and serve for a single year.

Notably it was the subject of a Federal Court case after the Office of Film and Literature Classification ruled in 1995 that it ” promotes, incites and instructs in matters of crime ” because of an article on shoplifting ( reprinted from elsewhere ). This decision was later reviewed by the High Court of Australia. [ 98 ]

Colleges and halls of residence[edit]

The following colleges and halls are based at the Melbourne ( Bundoora ) campus : [ 99 ]

  • Chisholm College (undergraduate)
  • Glenn College (undergraduate)
  • Menzies College (undergraduate)
  • University Lodge (postgraduate and mature-age)
  • Graduate House (graduate and mature-age)

Athletics[edit]

La Trobe University is one of 36 universities across nước Australia that is part of the Elite Athlete Friendly University Network. The network was established by the Australian Sports Commission in 2004 to identify, promote and tư vấn the specific needs of university students who participate in sport at an elite level. As a result, an Elite Athlete Friendly University ( EAFU ) program was developed and formulated. [ 100 ]In 2011 La Trobe University was the reigning champion at the Southern University Games, having won the competition in 2010. [ 101 ]The Sports Centre at the Melbourne campus has a fully equipped gym, squash / racquetball and đánh tennis courts, volleyball, badminton, indoor soccer, netball and basketball courts, a 25 – metre pool with a deep water pit, and dance and yoga studios. The centre also offers group exercise classes, dance classes, pilates and yoga. Tuition in most sports can be arranged and courts can be hired to students at discounted rates. The centre also offers deep tissue and trigger point sports massage. La Trobe University participates in the annual Australian University Games [ 102 ] A-League association football ( soccer ) club Melbourne City have their training and administrative facilities based at La Trobe University. [ 103 ]

Song[edit]

The university tuy nhiên is the tune of Marche Henri IV. The melody is originally from Cassandre by Thoinot Arbeau. There are many university chants that are sung at matches which vary between the sports clubs. The most common chant that is used by La Trobe teams is ” LT Who ? LTU ! ” .Other student-run activities include the La Trobe International Relations Associations. [ 104 ]

People[edit]

Controversies[edit]

Roz Ward, an academic at the university’s Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society ( ARCSHS ), co-founded a Safe Schools program for Victoria. [ 105 ] The program aims to reduce homophobic and transphobic bullying and discrimination in schools. Research work undertaken by ARCSHS into same-sex attracted and gender diverse youth has helped underpin the program. [ 106 ] This program has created controversy. At a national symposium, Ward said, ” When people do complain then school leadership can very calmly and graciously say, ‘ You know what ? We’re doing it anyway, tough luck ‘ !. .. ‘ ( It’s ) not about celebrating diversity ; not about stopping bullying, ( It’s ) about gender and sexual diversity “. [ 107 ] [ 108 ] The Australian Christian Lobby ( ACL ) and others have criticised the program [ 109 ] as ” radical sexual experimentation ” [ 110 ] which ” exposed students to extreme material ” [ 111 ] and asked for the withdrawal of USD 8 million allocated to the Australia-wide program. [ 112 ] [ 113 ] ACL says the program instructs students how to use facilities that match gender identities, how to have anal sex [ 114 ] and how girls can bind their chests to change gender. [ 115 ]On 16 March năm nay, ABC news reported that a Liberal Nationals MP, George Christensen, had used parliamentary privilege to accuse the Safe Schools program of being linked to a ” paedophilia advocate “, referring to a professor, Gary Dowsett, and a report he published in 1982. A spokesman for La Trobe University stated : ” We are appalled that a respected academic has been attacked using parliamentary privilege. This is a blatant attempt to distract attention from the independent endorsement of the highly effective Safe Schools program. We stand by the important work of Professor Dowsett and his team. ” [ 116 ]In May năm nay, the Victorian Government reignited its feud with Canberra over the controversial Safe Schools program, announcing it will publicly provide material about sexual diversity that had been deleted from the federal government’s website, and an additional $ 300,000 a year to deliver the program in full. [ 117 ]

A children’s story book, promoted by the Safe Schools Coalition, released in January 2016 and titled The Gender Fairy,[118] explains transgender issues for children as young as four. Ward compiled the accompanying notes for teachers and parents.[119]

Ward was suspended in June năm nay over comments she made about the Australian flag in a Facebook post, amid concerns her comments had the potential to inflame opinion about the Safe Schools program. The suspension was soon lifted, along with a statement : ” La Trobe said it was not in the university’s best interest to pursue the matter, but that it followed the proper procedures to suspend Ms Ward. ” [ 120 ]

Sexual assault and abuse[edit]

In 2017 La Trobe was reported as the worst university in Victoria for sexual harassment according to the Australian Human Rights Commission ‘ s national survey on campus abuse. Of the 947 La Trobe students surveyed, 30 % stated they had been sexually harassed at university. [ 121 ] Under a previous 2016 FOI request, the university had stated there were only 7 officially reported cases of sexual assault, harassment or misconduct on campus, resulting in no expulsions and no suspensions over the previous five years. [ 122 ]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • William J. Breen, ed. (1989). Building La Trobe University: Reflections on the first 25 years 1964–1989. Melbourne: La Trobe University Press. hdl:1959.9/201688. ISBN 1-86324-003-9.

Media related to La Trobe University at Wikimedia Commons

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